Planning for Disaster Aid Distribution (Case Study: Predicted Tsunami in Padang City)


ABSTRACT In distributing disaster relief logistics, there are three possible strategies, including sending direct aid from the warehouse to the final evacuation site (direct), using LDC as a transfer point before going to the final (indirect) evacuation site, and direct and indirect combined strategies. The purpose of this study is to evaluate which strategies are appropriate in the distribution of tsunami aid in the city of Padang. Patrisina et al (2018) have developed a logistics distribution model that enables these three strategies. The model is implemented in a case study for tsunami disaster estimation in Padang City. The model aims to minimize the required distribution costs. The decision variables to be obtained are the number of relief items to be sent and the routes that will be used in the distribution of disaster relief. The model consists of 2 stages. The first stage is the location-allocation model, the output is the number of relief items to be distributed to the affected areas (TEA) and the decision to use LDCs. Stage two is the selection of route candidates by considering fairness. After a numerical test of the 2017 Padang tsunami disaster contingency plan was carried out, a distribution plan was generated in the form of a decision not to need LDC using a direct distribution strategy. Total relief items to be sent for each type were 13,687 and 6,991 equivalent units. The minimum number of vehicles required is 6 units using 8 selected routes with a total distribution cost of USD2,226.4. Keywords: Local Distribution Center, Disaster Logistics Distribution, Location-Allocation.

Rayhan, Rahardian Yulanda (2019) Perencanaan Pendistribusian Bantuan Bencana (Case Study: Predicted Tsunami Kota Padang). Other thesis, Universitas Andalas.